Il-Vari Tal-Ġimgħa L-Kbira F'Malta
The Passion of Jesus Christ in the Four Canonical Gospels
The Plot to Kill Jesus
1(A) It was now two days before(B) the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the scribes(C) were seeking how to arrest him by stealth and kill him, 2for they said, "Not during the feast,(D) lest there be an uproar from the people."
Jesus Anointed at Bethany
3(E) And while he was at(F) Bethany in the house of Simon the leper,[a] as he was reclining at table, a woman came with an alabaster flask of ointment of pure nard, very costly, and she broke the flask and poured it over his head. 4There were some who said to themselves indignantly, "Why was the ointment wasted like that? 5For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii[b] and(G) given to the poor." And they(H) scolded her. 6But Jesus said, "Leave her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a beautiful thing to me. 7For(I) you always have the poor with you, and whenever(J) you want, you can do good for them. But(K) you will not always have me. 8(L) She has done what she could; she has anointed my body beforehand(M) for burial. 9And truly, I say to you, wherever(N) the gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will be told(O) in memory of her."
Judas to Betray Jesus
10(P) Then(Q) Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went to the chief priests in order to betray him to them. 11And when they heard it, they were glad and promised to give him money. And he sought an opportunity to(R) betray him.
The Passover with the Disciples
12(S) And on(T) the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they(U) sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, "Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?" 13And he sent(V) two of his disciples and said to them, "Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him, 14and wherever he enters, say to the master of the house,(W) 'The Teacher says, Where is(X) my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?' 15And he will show you(Y) a large upper room furnished and ready; there prepare for us." 16And the disciples set out and went to the city and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.
17(Z) And when it was evening, he came with the twelve. 18And as they were reclining at table and eating,(AA) Jesus said, "Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me,(AB) one who is eating with me." 19They began to be sorrowful and to say to him one after another, "Is it I?" 20He said to them, "It is(AC) one of the twelve,(AD) one who is dipping bread into the dish with me. 21For the Son of Man goes(AE) as it is written of him, but(AF) woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed!(AG) It would have been better for that man if he had not been born."
Institution of the Lord’s Supper
22(AH) And as they were eating, he took bread, and after(AI) blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, "Take;(AJ) this is my body." 23And he took a cup, and when he had(AK) given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. 24And he said to them, (AL) "This is my(AM) blood of the[c] covenant, which is poured out for(AN) many. 25Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."
Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial
26(AO) And when they had sung a hymn,(AP) they went out to(AQ) the Mount of Olives. 27And Jesus said to them, "You will all fall away, for it is written, 'I will(AR) strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.' 28But after I am raised up,(AS) I will go before you to Galilee." 29(AT) Peter said to him, "Even though they all fall away, I will not." 30And(AU) Jesus said to him, "Truly, I tell you, this very night, before(AV) the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times." 31But(AW) he said emphatically, "If I must die with you, I will not deny you." And they all said the same.
Jesus Prays in Gethsemane
32(AX) And they went(AY) to a place called Gethsemane. And he said to his disciples, "Sit here while I pray." 33And he took with him(AZ) Peter and James and John, and began(BA) to be greatly distressed and troubled. 34And he said to them, (BB) "My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and(BC) watch."[d] 35And going a little farther, he fell on the ground(BD) and prayed that, if it were possible,(BE) the hour might pass from him. 36And he said, (BF) "Abba, Father,(BG) all things are possible for you. Remove(BH) this cup from me.(BI) Yet not what I will, but what you will." 37And he came and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, "Simon, are you asleep? Could you not watch one hour? 38(BJ) Watch and(BK) pray that you may not(BL) enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." 39And again he went away and prayed,(BM) saying the same words. 40And again he came and found them sleeping, for(BN) their eyes were very heavy, and(BO) they did not know what to answer him. 41And he came the third time and said to them, "Are you still sleeping and taking your rest?(BP) It is enough;(BQ) the hour has come.(BR) The Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand."
Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
43(BS) And immediately, while he was still speaking,(BT) Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "The one I will kiss is the man. Seize him and lead him away under guard." 45And when he came, he went up to him at once and said,(BU) "Rabbi!" And he(BV) kissed him. 46And they laid hands on him and seized him. 47But one of those who stood by drew his(BW) sword and struck the servant[e] of the high priest and cut off his ear. 48And Jesus said to them, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? 49(BX) Day after day I was with you in the temple(BY) teaching, and you did not seize me. But(BZ) let the Scriptures be fulfilled." 50(CA) And they all left him and fled.
A Young Man Flees
51And a young man followed him, with nothing but(CB) a linen cloth about his body. And they seized him, 52but he left the linen cloth and ran away naked.
Jesus Before the Council
53(CC) And(CD) they led Jesus to the high priest. And all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came together. 54(CE) And(CF) Peter had followed him at a distance,(CG) right into(CH) the courtyard of the high priest. And he was sitting with(CI) the guards and(CJ) warming himself at the fire. 55Now the chief priests and the whole Council[f] were seeking testimony against Jesus to put him to death, but they found none. 56(CK) For many bore false witness against him, but their testimony(CL) did not agree. 57And some stood up and bore false witness against him, saying, 58(CM) "We heard him say,(CN) 'I will destroy this temple(CO) that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another,(CP) not made with hands.'" 59Yet even about this their testimony did not agree. 60And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, "Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?"[g] 61But(CQ) he remained silent and made no answer.(CR) Again the high priest asked him, "Are you(CS) the Christ, the Son of(CT) the Blessed?" 62And Jesus said, "I am, and(CU) you will see the Son of Man(CV) seated at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven." 63And the high priest(CW) tore his garments and said, "What further witnesses do we need? 64You have heard(CX) his blasphemy. What is your decision?" And they(CY) all condemned him as(CZ) deserving death. 65(DA) And some began(DB) to spit on him and(DC) to cover his face and to strike him, saying to him, "Prophesy!" And the guards received him(DD) with blows.
Peter Denies Jesus
66(DE) And as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant girls of the high priest came, 67and seeing Peter(DF) warming himself, she looked at him and said, "You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus." 68But he denied it, saying, "I neither know nor understand what you mean." And he went out into the gateway[h] and(DG) the rooster crowed.[i] 69And the servant girl saw him and began again to say to the bystanders, "This man is one of them." 70But again he denied it. And after a little while the bystanders again said to Peter, "Certainly you are one of them, for you are a Galilean." 71But he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, "I do not know this man of whom you speak." 72And immediately the rooster crowed(DH) a second time. And Peter remembered how Jesus had said to him, (DI) "Before the rooster crows twice, you will(DJ) deny me three times." And he broke down and wept.[j]
Jesus Delivered to Pilate
1(A) And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests(B) held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole Council. And(C) they bound Jesus and(D) led him away and(E) delivered him over to(F) Pilate. 2(G) And Pilate asked him,(H) "Are you the King of the Jews?" And he answered him, (I) "You have said so." 3And the chief priests accused him of many things. 4And Pilate again asked him,(J) "Have you no answer to make? See how many charges they bring against you." 5But Jesus(K) made no further answer, so that Pilate was amazed.
Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified
6(L) Now at the feast he used to release for them one prisoner for whom they asked. 7And among the rebels in prison, who had(M) committed murder(N) in the insurrection, there was a man called Barabbas. 8And the crowd came up and began to ask Pilate to do as he usually did for them. 9And he answered them, saying, "Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews?" 10For he perceived that(O) it was out of envy that the chief priests had delivered him up. 11But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to have him release for them Barabbas instead. 12And Pilate again said to them, "Then what shall I do with(P) the man you call the King of the Jews?" 13And they cried out again, "Crucify him." 14And Pilate said to them, "Why,(Q) what evil has he done?" But they shouted all the more, "Crucify him." 15So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released for them Barabbas, and having(R) scourged[a] Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
esus Is Mocked
16(S) And the soldiers led him away inside(T) the palace (that is,(U) the governor’s headquarters),[b] and they called together the whole(V) battalion.[c] 17And they clothed him in(W) a purple cloak, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on him. 18And they began to salute him,(X) "Hail, King of the Jews!" 19And they were striking his head with a reed and(Y) spitting on him and(Z) kneeling down in homage to him. 20And when they had(AA) mocked him, they stripped him of(AB) the purple cloak and put his own clothes on him. And they(AC) led him out to crucify him.
21(AD) And they compelled a passerby, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross. 22(AE) And they brought him to the place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull). 23And they offered him wine mixed with(AF) myrrh, but he did not take it. 24And they crucified him and(AG) divided his garments among them, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. 25And(AH) it was the third hour[d] when they crucified him. 26And the inscription of the charge against him read,(AI) "The King of the Jews." 27And with him they crucified two(AJ) robbers,(AK) one on his right and one on his left.[e] 29And(AL) those who passed by derided him,(AM) wagging their heads and saying,(AN) "Aha!(AO) You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, 30save yourself, and come down from the cross!" 31So also the chief priests with the scribes mocked him to one another, saying,(AP) "He saved others;(AQ) he cannot save himself. 32Let(AR) the Christ,(AS) the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may(AT) see and believe."(AU) Those who were crucified with him also reviled him.
The Death of Jesus
33And when the sixth hour[f] had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.[g] 34And at the ninth hour Jesus(AV) cried with a loud voice, (AW) "Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?" which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" 35And some of the bystanders hearing it said, "Behold, he is calling Elijah." 36And someone ran and filled a sponge with(AX) sour wine, put it on a reed(AY) and gave it to him to drink, saying, "Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down." 37And Jesus(AZ) uttered a loud cry and(BA) breathed his last. 38And(BB) the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39(BC) And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he[h] breathed his last, he said,(BD) "Truly this man was the Son[i] of God!"
40There were also(BE) women looking on(BF) from a distance, among whom were(BG) Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and(BH) Salome. 41When he was in Galilee, they followed him and(BI) ministered to him, and there were also many other women who(BJ) came up with him to Jerusalem.
Jesus Is Buried
42(BK) And when evening had come, since it was(BL) the day of Preparation, that is, the day before the Sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathea,(BM) a respected member of the Council, who(BN) was also himself looking for the kingdom of God, took courage and went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44Pilate was surprised to hear that he should have already died.[j] And summoning(BO) the centurion, he asked him whether he was already dead. 45And when he learned from(BP) the centurion that he was dead, he granted the corpse to Joseph. 46And Joseph[k] bought(BQ) a linen shroud, and taking him down, wrapped him in the linen shroud and(BR) laid him in a tomb(BS) that had been cut out of the rock. And he rolled(BT) a stone against the entrance of the tomb. 47(BU) Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where he was laid.
The Plot to Kill Jesus
1When Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said to his disciples, 2(A) "You know that after two days(B) the Passover is coming, and(C) the Son of Man(D) will be delivered up to be crucified."
3(E) Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in(F) the palace of the high priest, whose name was(G) Caiaphas, 4(H) and plotted together in order to arrest Jesus by stealth and kill him. 5But they said, "Not during the feast,(I) lest there be an uproar among the people."
Jesus Anointed at Bethany
6(J) Now when Jesus was at(K) Bethany in the house of Simon the leper,[a] 7a woman came up to him with an alabaster flask of very expensive ointment, and she poured it on his head as he reclined at table. 8And when the disciples saw it, they were indignant, saying, "Why this waste? 9For this could have been sold for a large sum and(L) given to the poor." 10But(M) Jesus, aware of this, said to them, "Why do you trouble the woman? For she has done a beautiful thing to me. 11For(N) you always have the poor with you, but(O) you will not always have me. 12In pouring this ointment on my body, she has done it(P) to prepare me for burial. 13Truly, I say to you, wherever(Q) this gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will also be told(R) in memory of her."
Judas to Betray Jesus
14(S) Then one of the twelve, whose name was(T) Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15and said, "What will you give me if I deliver him over to you?" And they(U) paid him(V) thirty pieces of silver. 16And from that moment he sought an opportunity(W) to betray him.
The Passover with the Disciples
17(X) Now on(Y) the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, "Where will you have us prepare for you to eat the Passover?" 18He said, "Go into the city to a certain man and say to him,(Z) 'The Teacher says,(AA) My time is at hand. I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples.'" 19And the disciples did as Jesus had directed them, and they prepared the Passover.
20(AB) When it was evening, he reclined at table with the twelve.[b] 21And as they were eating,(AC) he said, "Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me." 22And they were very sorrowful and began to say to him one after another, "Is it I, Lord?" 23He answered, (AD) "He who has dipped his hand in the dish with me will betray me. 24The Son of Man goes(AE) as it is written of him, but(AF) woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed!(AG) It would have been better for that man if he had not been born." 25Judas, who would betray him, answered, "Is it I,(AH) Rabbi?" He said to him, (AI) "You have said so."
Institution of the Lord’s Supper
26(AJ) Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and(AK) after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat;(AL) this is my body." 27And he took a cup, and when he(AM) had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, "Drink of it, all of you, 28for(AN) this is my(AO) blood of the[c] covenant, which is poured out for(AP) many(AQ) for the forgiveness of sins. 29I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you(AR) in my Father’s kingdom."
Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial
30(AS) And when they had sung a hymn,(AT) they went out to(AU) the Mount of Olives. 31Then Jesus said to them, "You will all fall away because of me this night. For it is written, 'I will(AV) strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' 32But after I am raised up,(AW) I will go before you to Galilee." 33(AX) Peter answered him, "Though they all fall away because of you, I will never fall away." 34(AY) Jesus said to him, "Truly, I tell you, this very night,(AZ) before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times." 35(BA) Peter said to him, "Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you!" And all the disciples said the same.
Jesus Prays in Gethsemane
36(BB) Then Jesus went with them(BC) to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, "Sit here, while I go over there and pray." 37And taking with him(BD) Peter and(BE) the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled. 38Then he said to them, (BF) "My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and(BG) watch[d] with me." 39And going a little farther he fell on his face(BH) and prayed, saying, "My Father, if it be possible, let(BI) this cup pass from me;(BJ) nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will." 40And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping. And he said to Peter, "So, could you not watch with me one hour? 41(BK) Watch and(BL) pray that you(BM) may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." 42Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed, "My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it,(BN) your will be done." 43And again he came and found them sleeping, for(BO) their eyes were heavy. 44So, leaving them again, he went away and prayed for(BP) the third time, saying the same words again. 45Then he came to the disciples and said to them, "Sleep and take your rest later on.[e] See,(BQ) the hour is at hand, and(BR) the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand."
Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
47(BS) While he was still speaking,(BT) Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people. 48Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "The one I will kiss is the man; seize him." 49And he came up to Jesus at once and said, "Greetings,(BU) Rabbi!" And he kissed him. 50Jesus said to him, (BV) "Friend,(BW) do what you came to do."[f] Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him. 51And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his(BX) sword and struck the servant[g] of the high priest and cut off his ear. 52Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back into its place. For(BY) all who take the sword will perish by the sword. 53(BZ) Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me(CA) more than twelve(CB) legions of angels? 54(CC) But how then should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?" 55At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day(CD) I sat in the temple(CE) teaching, and you did not seize me. 56But(CF) all this has taken place that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled."(CG) Then all the disciples left him and fled.
Jesus Before Caiaphas and the Council
57(CH) Then(CI) those who had seized Jesus led him to(CJ) Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. 58And(CK) Peter was following him at a distance, as far as(CL) the courtyard of the high priest, and going inside he sat with(CM) the guards to see the end. 59Now the chief priests and the whole Council[h](CN) were seeking false testimony against Jesus that they might put him to death, 60but they found none,(CO) though many false witnesses came forward. At last(CP) two came forward 61and said, "This man said,(CQ) 'I am able to(CR) destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it in three days.'" 62And the high priest stood up and said, "Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?"[i] 63(CS) But Jesus remained silent.(CT) And the high priest said to him,(CU) "I adjure you by(CV) the living God,(CW) tell us if you are(CX) the Christ,(CY) the Son of God." 64Jesus said to him, (CZ) "You have said so. But I tell you, from now on(DA) you will see the Son of Man(DB) seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven." 65Then the high priest(DC) tore his robes and said,(DD) "He has uttered blasphemy. What further witnesses do we need? You have now heard his blasphemy. 66What is your judgment?" They answered,(DE) "He deserves death." 67Then(DF) they spit in his face(DG) and(DH) struck him. And some slapped him, 68saying, "Prophesy to us, you(DI) Christ! Who is it that struck you?"
Peter Denies Jesus
69(DJ) Now Peter was sitting outside(DK) in the courtyard. And a servant girl came up to him and said, "You also were with Jesus the Galilean." 70But he denied it before them all, saying, "I do not know what you mean." 71And when he went out to the entrance, another servant girl saw him, and she said to the bystanders, "This man was with Jesus(DL) of Nazareth." 72And again he denied it with an oath: "I do not know the man." 73After a little while the bystanders came up and said to Peter, "Certainly you too are one of them, for(DM) your accent betrays you." 74Then he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, "I do not know the man." And immediately the rooster crowed. 75And Peter remembered the saying of Jesus, (DN) "Before the rooster crows, you will(DO) deny me three times." And he went out and wept bitterly.
Jesus Delivered to Pilate
1(A) When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people(B) took counsel against Jesus to put him to death. 2And they bound him and(C) led him away and(D) delivered him over to(E) Pilate the governor.
Judas Hangs Himself
3Then when(F) Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus[a] was condemned,(G) he changed his mind and brought back(H) the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders, 4saying, "I have sinned by betraying innocent blood." They said, "What is that to us?(I) See to it yourself." 5And throwing down the pieces of silver into the temple,(J) he departed, and he went and hanged himself. 6But the chief priests, taking the pieces of silver, said, "It is not lawful to put them into(K) the treasury, since it is blood money." 7So they took counsel and bought with them the potter’s field as a burial place for strangers. 8Therefore(L) that field has been called the Field of Blood(M) to this day. 9(N) Then was fulfilled what had been spoken by the prophet Jeremiah, saying,(O) "And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him on whom a price had been set by some of the sons of Israel, 10and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me."
Jesus Before Pilate
11(P) Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, "Are you(Q) the King of the Jews?" Jesus said, (R) "You have said so." 12(S) But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer. 13Then Pilate said to him,(T) "Do you not hear how many things they testify against you?" 14But he gave him no answer, not even to a single charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed.
The Crowd Chooses Barabbas
15(U) Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted. 16And they had then a notorious prisoner called Barabbas. 17So when they had gathered, Pilate said to them, "Whom do you want me to release for you: Barabbas, or(V) Jesus who is called Christ?" 18For he knew that it was out(W) of envy that they had delivered him up. 19Besides, while he was sitting on(X) the judgment seat, his wife sent word to him, "Have nothing to do with(Y) that righteous man, for I have suffered much because of him today(Z) in a dream." 20Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to(AA) ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus. 21The governor again said to them, "Which of the two do you want me to release for you?" And they said, "Barabbas." 22Pilate said to them, "Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?"(AB) They all said, "Let him be crucified!" 23And he said, "Why,(AC) what evil has he done?" But they shouted all the more, "Let him be crucified!"
Pilate Delivers Jesus to Be Crucified
24So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that(AD) a riot was beginning, he took water and(AE) washed his hands before the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of(AF) this man’s blood;[b](AG) see to it yourselves." 25And all the people answered,(AH) "His blood be on us and(AI) on our children!" 26Then he released for them Barabbas, and having(AJ) scourged[c] Jesus, delivered him to be crucified.
Jesus Is Mocked
27(AK) Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the(AL) governor’s headquarters,[d] and they gathered the whole(AM) battalion[e] before him. 28And they stripped him and put(AN) a scarlet robe on him, 29and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they(AO) mocked him, saying, "Hail,(AP) King of the Jews!" 30And(AQ) they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. 31And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him and(AR) led him away to crucify him.
32(AS) (AT) As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross. 33(AU) And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull), 34(AV) they offered him wine to drink, mixed with(AW) gall, but when he tasted it, he would not drink it. 35And when they had crucified him,(AX) they divided his garments among them by casting lots. 36Then they sat down and(AY) kept watch over him there. 37And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, "This is Jesus,(AZ) the King of the Jews." 38Then two(BA) robbers were crucified with him,(BB) one on the right and one on the left. 39And(BC) those who passed by(BD) derided him,(BE) wagging their heads 40and saying,(BF) "You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save yourself!(BG) If you are(BH) the Son of God, come down from the cross." 41So also the chief priests, with the scribes and elders, mocked him, saying, 42(BI) "He saved others;(BJ) he cannot save himself.(BK) He is the King of Israel; let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. 43(BL) He trusts in God; let God deliver him now, if he desires him. For he said, 'I am the Son of God.'" 44(BM) And the robbers who were crucified with him also reviled him in the same way.
The Death of Jesus
45Now from the sixth hour[f] there was darkness over all the land[g] until the ninth hour.[h] 46And about the ninth hour Jesus(BN) cried out with a loud voice, saying, (BO) "Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?" that is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" 47And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, "This man is calling Elijah." 48And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with(BP) sour wine, and put it on a reed and(BQ) gave it to him to drink. 49But the others said, "Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him." 50And Jesus(BR) cried out again with a loud voice and(BS) yielded up his spirit.
51And behold,(BT) the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And(BU) the earth shook, and the rocks were split. 52The tombs also were opened. And many bodies of(BV) the saints(BW) who had fallen asleep were raised, 53and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they went into(BX) the holy city and appeared to many. 54(BY) When the centurion and those who were with him,(BZ) keeping watch over Jesus, saw the earthquake and what took place, they were filled with awe and said,(CA) "Truly this was the Son[i] of God!"
55There were also(CB) many women there, looking on(CC) from a distance, who had followed Jesus from Galilee,(CD) ministering to him, 56among whom were(CE) Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Joseph and(CF) the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
Jesus Is Buried
57(CG) When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud 60and(CH) laid it in his own new tomb,(CI) which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled(CJ) a great stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away. 61Mary Magdalene and(CK) the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the tomb.
The Guard at the Tomb
62The next day, that is, after the day of(CL) Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63and said, "Sir, we remember how(CM) that impostor said, while he was still alive,(CN) 'After three days I will rise.' 64Therefore order the tomb to be made secure until the third day,(CO) lest his disciples go and steal him away and tell the people, 'He has risen from the dead,' and the last fraud will be worse than the first." 65Pilate said to them, "You have(CP) a guard[j] of soldiers. Go, make it as secure as you can." 66So they went and made the tomb secure by(CQ) sealing the stone and setting a guard.
14(O) And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him. 15And he said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16For I tell you I will not eat it[b](P) until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God." 17And he took a cup, and(Q) when he had given thanks he said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18(R) For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine(S) until the kingdom of God comes." 19(T) And he took bread, and(U) when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, (V) "This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me." 20And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, (W) "This cup that is poured out for you is(X) the new(Y) covenant in my blood.
39(BB) And he came out and went,(BC) as was his custom, to(BD) the Mount of Olives, and the disciples followed him. 40(BE) And when he came to(BF) the place, he said to them, (BG) "Pray that you may not(BH) enter into temptation." 41And he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and(BI) knelt down and prayed, 42saying, (BJ) "Father, if you are willing, remove(BK) this cup from me.(BL) Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done." 43And there appeared to him(BM) an angel from heaven, strengthening him. 44And(BN) being in an agony he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.[g]
47(BP) While he was still speaking, there came a crowd, and the man called(BQ) Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He drew near to Jesus to kiss him, 48but Jesus said to him, "Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?"
Peter Denies Jesus
54(BW) Then they seized him and led him away, bringing him into the high priest’s house,(BX) and Peter was following at a distance. 55(BY) And when they had kindled a fire in the middle of(BZ) the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down among them. 56Then a servant girl, seeing him as he sat in the light and looking closely at him, said, "This man also was with him." 57But he denied it, saying, "Woman, I do not know him." 58And a little later someone else saw him and said, "You also are one of them." But Peter said, "Man, I am not." 59And after an interval of about an hour still another(CA) insisted, saying, "Certainly this man also was with him, for he too is a Galilean." 60But Peter said, "Man, I do not know what you are talking about." And immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed. 61And the Lord turned and(CB) looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the saying of the Lord, how he had said to him, (CC) "Before the rooster crows today, you will(CD) deny me three times." 62And he went out and wept bitterly.
26(AG) And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Jesus. 27And there followed him a great multitude of the people and of women who were(AH) mourning and lamenting for him. 28But turning to them Jesus said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29For behold,(AI) the days are coming when they will say,(AJ) 'Blessed are the barren and the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!' 30(AK) Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us,' and to the hills, 'Cover us.' 31For(AL) if they do these things when(AM) the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"
32(AN) Two others, who were criminals, were led away to be put to death with him. 33(AO) And when they came to the place that is called The Skull, there they crucified him, and the criminals,(AP) one on his right and one on his left. 34And Jesus said, "Father,(AQ) forgive them,(AR) for they know not what they do."[b] And they cast lots(AS) to divide his garments. 35And(AT) the people stood by, watching,(AU) but(AV) the rulers(AW) scoffed at him, saying,(AX) "He saved others;(AY) let him save himself,(AZ) if he is(BA) the Christ of God,(BB) his Chosen One!" 36The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and(BC) offering him sour wine 37and saying,(BD) "If you are(BE) the King of the Jews, save yourself!" 38(BF) There was also an inscription over him,[c] "This is(BG) the King of the Jews."
39(BH) One of the criminals who were hanged(BI) railed at him,[d] saying, "Are you not(BJ) the Christ? Save yourself and us!" 40But the other rebuked him, saying, "Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41And we indeed justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong." 42And he said, "Jesus, remember me(BK) when you come into your kingdom." 43And he said to him, "Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in(BL) Paradise."
The Death of Jesus
44(BM) It was now about the sixth hour,[e] and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour,[f] 45while the sun’s light failed. And(BN) the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46Then Jesus,(BO) calling out with a loud voice, said, "Father,(BP) into your hands I(BQ) commit my spirit!" And having said this(BR) he breathed his last. 47Now(BS) when the centurion saw what had taken place,(BT) he praised God, saying, "Certainly this man was innocent!" 48And all the crowds that had assembled for this spectacle, when they saw what had taken place, returned home(BU) beating their breasts. 49And all(BV) his acquaintances and(BW) the women who had followed him from Galilee(BX) stood at a distance watching these things.
Jesus Is Buried
50(BY) Now there was a man named Joseph, from the Jewish town of Arimathea. He was a member of the council, a good and righteous man, 51who had not consented to their decision and action; and he(BZ) was looking for the kingdom of God. 52This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud and(CA) laid him in a tomb cut in stone,(CB) where no one had ever yet been laid. 54It was the day of(CC) Preparation, and the Sabbath was beginning.[g] 55(CD) The women(CE) who had come with him from Galilee followed and saw the tomb and how his body was laid. 56Then they returned and(CF) prepared spices and ointments.
Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
1When Jesus had spoken these words,(A) he went out with his disciples across(B) the Kidron Valley, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. 2Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew(C) the place, for(D) Jesus often met there with his disciples. 3(E) So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. 4Then Jesus,(F) knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, (G) "Whom do you seek?" 5They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am he."[a] Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them. 6(H) When Jesus[b] said to them, "I am he," they drew back and fell to the ground. 7So he asked them again, (I) "Whom do you seek?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." 8Jesus answered, "I told you that I am he. So, if you seek me, let these men go." 9(J) This was to fulfill the word that he had spoken: "Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one." 10Then Simon Peter,(K) having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant[c] and cut off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.) 11So Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword into its sheath;(L) shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?"
Jesus Faces Annas and Caiaphas
12So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him. 13First they(M) led him to(N) Annas, for he was the father-in-law of(O) Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 14It was Caiaphas who had advised the Jews(P) that it would be expedient that one man should die for the people.
Peter Denies Jesus
15(Q) Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he entered with Jesus into the court of the high priest, 16(R) but Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the servant girl who kept watch at the door, and brought Peter in. 17(S) The servant girl at the door said to Peter, "You also are not one of this man’s disciples, are you?" He said, "I am not." 18Now the servants[d] and officers had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves.(T) Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself.
The High Priest Questions Jesus
19(U) The high priest then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20Jesus answered him, "I have spoken(V) openly(W) to the world. I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together.(X) I have said nothing in secret. 21Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them; they know what I said." 22When he had said these things, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying,(Y) "Is that how you answer the high priest?" 23Jesus answered him, "If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong; but if what I said is right, why do you strike me?" 24(Z) Annas then sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
Peter Denies Jesus Again
25(AA) Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, "You also are not one of his disciples, are you?" He denied it and said, "I am not." 26One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of(AB) the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, "Did I not see you(AC) in the garden with him?" 27Peter again denied it, and(AD) at once a rooster crowed.
Jesus Before Pilate
28(AE) Then they led Jesus(AF) from the house of Caiaphas to(AG) the governor’s headquarters.[e] It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters,(AH) so that they would not be defiled,(AI) but could eat the Passover. 29(AJ) So Pilate went outside to them and said, "What accusation do you bring against this man?" 30They answered him, "If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you." 31Pilate said to them,(AK) "Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law." The Jews said to him, "It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death." 32(AL) This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken(AM) to show by what kind of death he was going to die.
My Kingdom Is Not of This World
33(AN) So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him,(AO) "Are you the King of the Jews?" 34Jesus answered, "Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?" 35Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?" 36Jesus answered, (AP) "My kingdom(AQ) is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world,(AR) my servants would have been fighting, that(AS) I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world." 37Then Pilate said to him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered, (AT) "You say that I am a king.(AU) For this purpose I was born and for this purpose(AV) I have come into the world—(AW) to bear witness to the truth.(AX) Everyone who is(AY) of the truth(AZ) listens to my voice." 38Pilate said to him, "What is truth?"
After he had said this,(BA) he went back outside to the Jews and told them,(BB) "I find no guilt in him. 39(BC) But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover. So do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?" 40They cried out again,(BD) "Not this man, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a robber.[f]
Jesus Delivered to Be Crucified
1Then Pilate took Jesus and(A) flogged him. 2(B) And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. 3They came up to him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and struck him with their hands. 4Pilate went out again and said to them, "See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that(C) I find no guilt in him." 5So Jesus came out, wearing(D) the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them,(E) "Behold the man!" 6When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, "Crucify him, crucify him!" Pilate said to them,(F) "Take him yourselves and crucify him, for(G) I find no guilt in him." 7The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and(H) according to that law he ought to die because(I) he has made himself the Son of God." 8When Pilate heard this statement,(J) he was even more afraid. 9(K) He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus,(L) "Where are you from?" But(M) Jesus gave him no answer. 10So Pilate said to him, "You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?" 11Jesus answered him, (N) "You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore(O) he who delivered me over to you(P) has the greater sin."
12From then on(Q) Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, "If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend.(R) Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar." 13So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on(S) the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic[a] Gabbatha. 14Now it was(T) the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour.[b] He said to the Jews,(U) "Behold your King!" 15They cried out,(V) "Away with him, away with him, crucify him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar." 16(W) So he(X) delivered him over to them to be crucified.
So they took Jesus, 17and(Y) he went out,(Z) bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18(AA) There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19Pilate(AB) also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews." 20Many of the Jews read this inscription, for(AC) the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. 21So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but rather, 'This man said, I am King of the Jews.'" 22Pilate answered,(AD) "What I have written I have written."
23(AE) When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic.[c] But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24so they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be."(AF) This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,
(AG) "They divided my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots."
So the soldiers did these things, 25(AH) but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus saw his mother and(AI) the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, (AJ) "Woman, behold, your son!" 27Then he said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" And from that hour the disciple took her to(AK) his own home.
The Death of Jesus
28After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now(AL) finished, said ((AM) to fulfill the Scripture), (AN) "I thirst." 29A jar full of sour wine stood there,(AO) so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, (AP) "It is finished," and he bowed his head and(AQ) gave up his spirit.
Jesus’ Side Is Pierced
31Since it was(AR) the day of Preparation, and(AS) so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was(AT) a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. 32So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other(AU) who had been crucified with him. 33But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out(AV) blood and water. 35(AW) He who saw it has borne witness—(AX) his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—(AY) that you also may believe. 36(AZ) For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled:(BA) "Not one of his bones(BB) will be broken." 37And again another Scripture says,(BC) "They will look on him whom they have pierced."
Jesus Is Buried
38(BD) After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly(BE) for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. 39(BF) Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus[d] by night, came(BG) bringing a mixture of(BH) myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds[e] in weight. 40So they took the body of Jesus and(BI) bound it in(BJ) linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41Now in the place where he was crucified there was a(BK) garden, and(BL) in the garden a new tomb(BM) in which no one had yet been laid. 42So because of the Jewish(BN) day of Preparation,(BO) since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.